The Human Induced Climate Change Experiment
Global Warming Research and Educational Materials

by The Membrane Domain &

El Calentamiento Global Ha causado Daño Irremediable (Traducción en español

Original White Paper (2001) by Brouse and Mukherjee

Abstract: It's Too Late

Global warming has caused irreparable damage to our environment. Almost all scientist agree that IN FACT global warming is a problem.
Humans have caused the destruction of the Earth's environment. Our planet has become unfit for human life. Now the question is can we adapt in time?

Experiments, Footnotes, Citations and Proof (2001 to Present)

"We are not saying that the Earth's temperature is just going to rise. In general, as energy is added to a system, the fluctuations in the system increase. So, we expect more storms, more droughts, more wildfires, more floods, more fluctuations of all kinds. What we are saying is that weather conditions will become more volatile due to the impact of humans," said Mukherjee and Brouse. (2004)

The increase in extreme weather events wreak havoc on humans' ability to adapt to the changing environment. For instance, severe droughts followed by severe rains create devastating floods. The parched earth can not absorb the water. The run-off produces contaminated flood waters that pollute the drinking water supply and breed diseases. The extreme weather events in the United States have overburdened FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) and jeopardized flood insurance.

Feedback loops accelerate global warming. For example, global warming has resulted in tree deaths and deforestation. Trees are a natural carbon sink for carbon dioxide, as well as, provide shade and retain moisture. As trees die from the effects of global warming, climate change is accelerated resulting in more tree deaths.

Global warming has caused irreparable damage to our environment. Almost all scientist agree that IN FACT global warming is a problem. Humans have caused the destruction of the Earth's environment. Our planet has become unfit for human life. Now the question is can we adapt in time?

The answer is "probably not." Air and water are the two most basic needs for human survival. Fresh air and fresh water are becoming scarce natural resources. Fresh water is being threatened by a decreasing supply of potable water, as well as, salt water intrusion due to the rising sea level. Air pollution is now the leading cause of death and contributor to illness.

There is a rapid increase in the number of deaths and ailments attributed to climate change. For humans that can survive the effects, they must migrate. The ever increasing numbers of immigrants are known as climate change refugees. (2015)

Hope Versus Climate Change
Global warming is a huge problem; however, we can make it much worse if we keep burning fossil carbon and killing ecosystems.

The hopeful bit is that:

  1. Coal is dead. The US energy information administration confirms coal production is declining across the country. Greenpeace reports that globally “coal is in terminal decline.”
  2. Solar and battery cost and efficiencies already make sense, so much so that utilities must embrace them or die.
  3. Electric cars are coming faster than we imagine.
  4. Nearly 200 countries have signed-on to the Paris Agreement. The aim of the agreement is:
      1. Holding the increase in the global average temperature, recognizing that this would significantly reduce the risks and impacts of climate change;
      2. Increasing the ability to adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change and foster climate resilience and low greenhouse gas emissions development, in a manner that does not threaten food production;
      3. Making finance flows consistent with a pathway towards low greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resilient development.

    “Countries furthermore aim to reach global peaking of greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible.”

  5. If we do all this and more, we might save East Antarctica (which is another 150-200 feet of sea level rise over Greenland and West Antarctica melt of 30 feet SLR or so. Many species that are probably crucial to our survival could be saved.)

As for hope, it was said in another war, “It is not necessary to hope, in order to persevere.”

By Sidd Mukherjee and Daniel Brouse


Miami's Fight Against Rising Seas Amanda Ruggeri / BBC (2020)

Civilians and Military Collaborate to Address Climate Change Doug Irving / RAND (2020)

Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources Climate Change Plan (2019)

Biloxi-Chitimacha-Choctaw Indians Climate Change Refugees Daniel Brouse (2016)

Killing Ourselves With Climate Change US Global Change Research Program (2016)

Feedback Loops Daniel Brouse and Sidd Mukherjee (2016)

Death By Ozone Daniel Brouse (2015)

Just Say *NO* to Bio-fuels Daniel Brouse (2012)

California's First Cap-and-Trade Auction Environmental Defense Fund (2012)

Australia's Carbon Tax, Australia Government (2012)

Artic Ozone Hole, NOAA (2011)

Single Stream Recycling Process, Daniel Brouse (2011)

Antarctic Ozone Hole Persists, At Least for a While, National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration (2010)

What Are Humans Doing to the Water?, Daniel Brouse / The Membrane Domain (2010)

EPA: Greenhouse Gases Threaten Public Health and the Environment, Daniel Brouse (2009)

Dying Trees, The Membrane Domain (2009)

  1. Tree Death Questions
  2. The Earth's Status
  3. Answers About Ozone and Dying Trees
  4. Ozone Questions Part 4
  5. Ozone Answers Part 5
  6. Is It Time To Panic?
  7. The Sleeping Giant Analogy

Gasoline Plus Ethanol Equals Bad Ozone, The Membrane Domain (2009)

Invasive Species, Growing Seasons, Life Cycles & Global Warming, The Membrane Domain (2008)

Excess Ozone Chokes Plants, Accelerates Global Warming, NaturalNews (2008)

Melting Arctic Circle Ice Drives Polar Bears Closer to Extinction, U.S. House of Representatives (2008)

Holy Cow! (The Poop On Poop), Daniel Brouse (2008)

Fight Global Warming: Eat Less Meat, Juliette Jowit (2008)

Emissions Trading, Daniel Brouse (2008)

Radical Solution to Climate Change: Global Dimming Through Sulphur, Triple Pundit (2008)

Prince Charles Urges Forest Logging Halt, BBC (2008)

Foliage Spoilage & the Trees' Canopy Collapse, The Membrane Domain (2007)

Early 2007 Saw Record-breaking Extreme Weather: U.N., Laura MacInnis (2007)

Scientist's Panel Says Global Warming Real, Worsening, Seth Borenstein (2007)

46 Nations Want Global Warming Police, Angela Charlton and Seth Borenstein (2007)

Greenland: Slip Sliding Away, S. Mukherjee (2006)

Rearing Cattle Produces More Greenhouse Gases Than Driving Cars, UN Report Warns, UN News Centre (2006)

Floodplain Maps Force Towns Into Tricky Waters, Diane Mastrull, Philadelphia Inquirer (2006)

Global Warming Fuels U.S. Forest Fires, Sara Goudarzi (2006)

Antarctic Ice Sheet Losing Mass, GRACE / NASA (2006)

North Pole Meets South Pole: Earth Is Melting at Both Ends, Bill Blakemore, ABC News (2006)

Melting Away, Mike Davis (2005)

Environmental Decay May Prompt Refugee Surge-study, Reuters (2005)

Some Experts Say It's Time to Evacuate the Coast (for Good), NY Times, Cornelia Dean (2005)

U.S. Resists Strong Global Warming Language at G8, USA Today (2005)

Bush Aide Changed Data on Global Warming Reports, Elites TV (2005)

Global Warming Denial?, The Membrane Domain (2005)

Study Predicts City Flood Threat Due to Warming, Susan Milligan (2005)

Feted and Hated, Kyoto Enters Into Force, Reuters (2005)

Sea Level Rise, S. Mukherjee (2004)

Global warming: a perspective from earth history, Stratigraphy Commission of the Geological Society of London (2004)

Heatwave Study, Alister Doyle (2004)

Real, Philippines, AP (2004)

The Eastern Ribbon Snake, S. Mukherjee & D. Brouse (2004)

Surprise CO2 Rise May Speed Up Global Warming McCarthy (2004)

Arctic Thaw Threatens People, Polar Bears Doyle (2004)

Climate Change Rises on Global Agenda, Charles J. Hanley (2004)

Only Nuclear Power Can Now Halt Global Warming, Michael McCarthy (2004) [Discussion Of This Article]

Retreating glaciers trigger Alaskan tremors, Geological Society of London (2004)

Sidd's Summary, S. Mukherjee (2004)

Ocean Report, Portsmouth Herald (2004)

Salt Water Intrusion, University of San Carlos-Water Resource Center (2004)

Ocean Circulation Directly Linked to Abrupt Climate Change, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (2004)

The Origins of Human-influenced Climate Change, Richard Lovett (2004)

Argentina Glacier Loses Giant Wall of Ice, AP (2004)

Report Warns Rising Ocean Temperatures Will Kill Most of the Coral on the Great Barrier Reef by 2050, AP (2004)

The Fight Against the Rising Tide, Charles Arthur (2004)

Arrival Of The Cuckoo Wasp, D. Brouse (2003)

Fears Rise For Sinking Sundarbans, BBC (2003)

Europe's L argest Glacier Shrivels Under Global Warming, AFP (2003)

Oil, S. Mukherjee (2003)

Mystery Cancer Wiping Out Tasmanian Devils, Reuters (2003)

New Zealand Farmers Sniffy Over Flatulence Tax, Reuters (2003)

South American Glaciers' Big Melt, Jet Propulsion Laboratory (2003)

Signals Mount That a New El Niño is Gathering Steam, Peter N. Spotts (2002)

Bush Rejects Global Warming Treaty, Associated Press (2001)

This Year Was the 2nd Hottest, Confirming a Trend, U.N. Says, Associated Press (2001)

Methane Explosion Warmed the Prehistoric Earth, Possible Again, NASA (2001)

The prevailing scientific view is that continued and increased emissions of greenhouse gases will disrupt the Earth's climate in the foreseeable future., State Of NJ (1998)

Additional References to the Present

Additional References And Feedback Form
Guide To Climate Change

The Philadelphia Spirit Experiment Publishing Company
These graphics, images, text copy, sights or sounds may not be used without our expressed written consent.